How To Write The Discussion Section Of An Academic Paper

How can other research studies improve over the limitations that were described in the Limitations section? A sample of Suggestions for Further Research section is below. Since the experimenter in the study also authored the paper, the experimenter might have biased students’ responses during the task. However, this conclusion was unlikely since the results for the Number Series task were contrary to the original hypothesis. Regardless, a blind administration of the experiment would have been desirable.

Subsequently, in the light of the current literature this finding is discussed, new ideas on this subject are revealed, and the paragraph ends with a concluding remark. In the last paragraph of the Discussion section “strong points” of the study should how to write a conclusion for a essay be mentioned using “constrained”, and “not too strongly assertive” statements. Indicating limitations of the study will reflect objectivity of the authors, and provide answers to the questions which will be directed by the reviewers of the journal.

The Thesis Whisperer

Tell how your results relate to findings found in other studies . Your goal is to show readers what new insights your investigation has contributed. We suggest viewing your limitations to make direct recommendations for further research.

We, therefore, use the present verb tense when describing your established facts and the past tense when discussing specific previous research. All these are discussed in light of your research findings. Our writers demonstrate research ethics by emphasizing on the positive implications of your research without how to write the discussion section of a dissertation exaggerating. We find a balance between reporting both the negative and positive aspects of your research without being overly receptive to either side. It is understandable that it takes years for some people to finish their dissertations. Therefore, getting a Ph.D. looks like a goal that can never be reached.

What Not To Include Into The Discussion Section:

Exposing the limitations of the study creates potential avenues of future work. Thus, areas of future research should be highlighted here. Such limitations paid essay service can be presented in a favorable light if they can be justified or rationalized. The literature is of high quality (top tier journals/English publications).

These factors are external to the study and should not be mentionedd. Thus, teachers need to spend class time educating students about positive, effective study skills. Few students understand and use good study practices without explicit instruction (Weinstein, Meyer, Husman, Van Mater Stone, & McKeachie, 2006).

Dissertation Calculator

On the other hand references should be promptly put in place while writing the manuscript, Sorting, and placement of the references should not be left to the last moment. Indeed, it might be very difficult to remember relevant references to be placed in the ‘Discussion’ section. For the placement of references use of software programs detailed in other sections truman show reaction paper is a rational approach. Sharing knowledge produced during academic life is achieved through writing manuscripts. You might also want to revisit your introduction section at this point and put more emphasis on studies that have proven relevant for the interpretation of your results. Introducing topics that were not covered by the study’s results/findings.

For example, if there is a problem with the methods, maybe the experiment should be reproduced with an added step. Also, mention what kinds of experiments still need to be conducted in order to obtain more information. Keep in mind the difference between what your results suggest at a given point versus what more can be known from them. You can do this by asking more questions and applying other experimental approaches. I mentioned giving your results their proper due and underscoring their significance. But be careful not to extrapolate your results and interpret something that is beyond the scope of the study.

What Type Of Dissertation Discussion Chapter Writing Do You Need?

Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance.

What recommendations did you propose in your dissertation?

One example of a dissertation proposal structure is the following headings, either broken up into sections or chapters depending on the required word count:Introduction.
Aims and objectives.
Literature review.
Research constraints.

Repeating what was already said in the introduction without linking it to the results. Focusing too much on the limitations of the study, which can make readers question the relevance of the work. In contrast, some can completely forget to acknowledge the limitations of their study. Simply repeating their results section, with little reference to existing literature. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation. Use the same key terms, mode of narration, and verb tense that you used when when describing the research problem in the introduction.


Remember, the dissertation part of your degree is first and foremost about developing and demonstrating research skills. Therefore, the markers want to see that you know which methods to use, can clearly articulate why you’ve chosen then, and know how how to write the discussion section of a dissertation to deploy them effectively. These are just the bare basic requirements for your intro chapter. Some universities will want additional bells and whistles in the intro chapter, so be sure to carefully read your brief or consult your research supervisor.

  • Our team of writers has the necessary academic and analytical skills to deliver the papers of the highest quality.
  • After that, you will have an opportunity to learn about certain steps that can be taken to write a brilliant dissertation discussion chapter.
  • We also provide other academic writing services, such as book reports and reviews, speeches, term papers, coursework, and other kinds of writing assistance.
  • After you have discussed the data, you can write the conclusions section.
  • In that post, I try to walk people through a step by step process for making sense of the mess of writing, findings and analysis that you can end up with towards the end of your degree.

Tell about issues and questions which were not addressed in your study. Comment if they may affect the validity of your study’s findings. First, you should link your findings to the existing literature, then relate them to a specific theory, and finally, explain their connection to practice, if it’s appropriate. It’s important to be consistent and use the same key terms, definitions, and the style of narration which were used in your introduction. It’s possible to make a discussion around hypotheses, research questions, and key themes.

In writing the discussion session, be sure to adequately discuss the work of other authors who collected data on the same or related scientific questions. Be sure to discuss how their work is relevant to your work. If there were flaws in their methodology, this is the place to discuss it. You can’t write a good introduction until you know what the body of the paper says.

Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. Before concluding the discussion, identify how to write the discussion section of a dissertation potential limitations and weaknesses. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of the findings.

Tips To Help You Write An Awesome Results And Discussion Chapter

This might feel a bit repetitive, as you would have touched on this in the previous chapter, but its important to bring the discussion full circle and explicitly state your answer to the research question. Most importantly, you need to discuss your results in relation to your research questions and aims, as well as the existing literature. What do the results tell you about your research questions? Are they aligned with the existing research or at odds? Dig deep into your findings and explain what the findings suggest, in plain English. Typically, Chapter 4 is simply a presentation and description of the data, not a discussion of the meaning of the data.

How do you start a discussion group?

Do: 1. Model the behavior and attitudes you want group members to employ.
2. Use encouraging body language and tone of voice, as well as words.
3. Give positive feedback for joining the discussion.
4. Be aware of people’s reactions and feelings, and try to respond appropriately.
5. Ask open-ended questions.
6. Control your own biases.